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الموضوع: الشرح الكامل لجميع ازمنه اللغه الانجليزيه Verb Tense Menu

  1. #1
    عضو فى رابطة مهندسى الكهرباء العرب الصورة الرمزية mohamed osman
    تاريخ التسجيل
    Nov 2006
    الدولة
    EGYPT
    المشاركات
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    الشرح الكامل لجميع ازمنه اللغه الانجليزيه Verb Tense Menu


    بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم
    وبه نستعين
    اليوم سوف اقوم بشرح جميع ازمنه اللغه الانجليزيه اسال من الله ان يوفقني
    و ان تعود بالنفع علي كل اعضاء منتدانا الغالي

    سوف يتتضمن الموضع الازمنه بالترتيب التالي

    Simple Present

    Present Continuous

    Simple Past

    Past Continuous

    Present Perfect

    Present Perf. Cont.

    Past Perfect

    Past Perfect Cont.

    Simple Future

    Future Continuous

    Future Perfect

    Future Perfect Cont.

    Used to

    Would Always

    Future in Past
    ........................................ .......... ........................................ .......... ........................................ .......... .



    Simple Present

    يتكون زمن المضارع البسيط من الفعل في المصدر مع اضافه s للفعل عندما يكون الفاعل مفرد غائب ( he , she ,it)

    FORM Simple Present

    EXAMPLE: to run
    I run
    you run
    he runs
    she runs
    it runs
    we run
    they run


    استخداماته
    USE 1 Repeated Actions
    الافعال المتكرره

    يسنخدم المضارع البسيط للتعبير عن فعل يتكررعاده. الفعل ممكن ان يكون عاده او هوايه او فعل يتكرر كل يوم او فعل مؤكد حدوثه او شىء غالبا ما يحدث .
    ممكن ان يعبر ايضا عن شىء غالبا ما ينساه الفرد او لا يفعله


    Use the Simple Present to express the idea that an action is repeated or usual. The action can be a habit, a hobby, a daily event, a scheduled event or something that often happens. It can also be something a person often forgets or usually does
    .not do

    :EXAMPLES
    لاحظ اضافه s عندما يكون الفاعل مفرد غائب


    .I play tennis

    .She does not play tennis

    .The train leaves every morning at 8 am

    .The train does not leave at 9am

    .She always forgets her purse

    .He never forgets his wallet

    .Every twelve months, the Earth circles the sun

    .The sun does not circle the Earth


    USE 2 Facts or Generalizations
    حقائق او التعميمات


    يستخدم المضارع البسيط اذا كان المتحدث يعتقد الامر صحيح من قبل و صحيح الان و سوف يكون صحيح في المستقبل. ولا يهم اذا كان كلام المتحدث سليما ام لا .
    يستخدم ايضالاصدار التعميمات عن الناس أوالأشياء .
    The Simple Present can also indicate the speaker believes that a fact was true before, is true now, and will be true in the future. It is not important if the speaker is correct about the fact. It is also used to make generalizations about people
    .or things



    :EXAMPLES




    .Cats like milk

    .Birds do not like milk

    .The sun rises from the east

    .California is in America

    .California isnot in the United Kingdom

    .Windows are made of glass

    .Windows are not made of wood

    .New York is a small city
    (.It is not important that this fact is untrue)


    (USE 3 Now (Non-Continuous Verbs

    قد يستخدم المضارع البسيط للتعبير عن حدث ممكن ان يحدث او لا يحدث الان.
    وهذه الحاله تكون مصحوبه ب Non-continuous ,Mixed Verbs

    Sometimes speakers use the Simple Present to express the idea that an action is happening or is not happening now. This can only be done with Non-continuous Verbs and certain Mixed Verbs.


    :EXAMPLES



    .I am here now

    .She is not here now

    .He needs help right now

    .He does not need help now

    .He has a car


    ACTIVE / PASSIVE Simple Present
    :EXAMPLES



    Once a week, Tom cleans the car. ACTIVE

    Once a week, the car is cleaned by Tom. PASSIVE



    Present Continuous


    FORM Present Continuous
    يتكون زمن المضارع المستمرمن فعل يكون TO BE ثم الفعل مضافا اليه ING


    [AM / IS / ARE] + [VERB+ing]

    EXAMPLES:

    .I am watching TV

    He is quickly learning the language.


    ملاحظه:عند استخدام باكثر من جزء ياتي الظرف بين الجزء الاول و الثاني
    NOTE: When you are using a verb tense with more than one part such as Present Continuous (is learning), adverbs often come between the first part and the second part (is quickly learning).



    استخداماته


    USE 1 Now

    يستخدم زمن المضارع المستمر للتعبير عن فعل يحدث الان او لا يحدث الان

    Use the Present Continuous with Continuous Verbs to express the idea that something is happening now, at this very moment. It can also be used to show that something is not happening now.



    EXAMPLES:



    .You are learning English now

    .You are not swimming now

    .I am sitting

    .I am not standing
    .They are reading their books

    .They are not watching television

    ؟What are you doing

    ؟Why aren't you doing your homework



    USE 2 Longer Actions in Progress Now

    في اللغه الانجليزيه كلمه الان ممكن ان تعني هذه اللحظه او اليوم او هذا الشهر اوهذا العام او هذا القرن و هكذا. احيانا نستخدم المضارع المستمر لنقول اننا عمل ما و العمل يسير قدما . من الممكن اننا لا نقوم بالفعل لحظه الكلام

    In English, now can mean "this second," "today," "this month," "this year," "this century" and so on. Sometimes we use the Present Continuous to say that we are in the process of doing a longer action which is in progress; however, we might not be doing it at this exact second.

    EXAMPLES: (All of these
    (.sentences can be said while eating dinner in a restaurant


    .I am studying to become a doctor

    .I am not studying to become a dentist

    .I am reading the book Tom Sawyer

    .I am not reading any books right now

    ؟Are you working on any special projects at work

    ؟Aren't you teaching at the University now





    USE 3 Near Future



    يستخدم المضارع المستمر للتعبير عن شىء سوف يحدث او لا يحدث في المستقبل القريب

    Sometimes, speakers use the Present Continuous to indicate that something will or will not happen in the near future


    EXAMPLES

    I am meeting some friends after work

    I am not going to the party tonight

    Is he visiting his parents next weekend

    Isn't he coming with us tonight


    "USE 4 Repetition and Irritation with "Always

    قد يأتي المضارع المستمر مصحوبا بكلمه مثل always او constantly بمعني دائما ليعبر عن صدمه او مفاجأه غالبا ما تحدث و هو يؤدي معني قريب في هذه الحاله من المضارع البسيط لكن للتعبير عن المشاعر السلبيه. تذكر يجب و ضع كلمه always بين verb to BE و verb+ing



    The Present Continuous with words such as "always" or "constantly" expresses the idea that something irritating or shocking often happens. Notice that the meaning is like Simple Present but with negative emotion. Remember to put the words "always" or "constantly" between "be" and "verb+ing."




    :EXAMPLES




    She is always coming to class late

    He is constantly talking. I wish he would shut up

    I don't like them because they are always complaining



    ACTIVE / PASSIVE Present Continuous


    :EXAMPLES

    Right now, Tom is writing the letter. ACTIVE

    Right now, the letter is being written by Tom. PASSIVE



    Simple Past



    FORM Simple Past



    يتكون زمن الماضي البسيط من الفعل مضاف له ed
    ( verb+ed)


    :EXAMPLES

    I visited my friends

    I often visited my friends



    استخداماته



    USE 1 Completed Action in the Past


    يستخدم زمن الماضي البسيط للتعبير عن حدث بدأ و انتهي في وقت محدد بالماضي.


    Use the Simple Past to express the idea that an action started and finished at a specific time in the past. Sometimes the speaker may not actually mention the specific time, but they do have one specific time in mind


    :EXAMPLES

    I saw a movie yesterday

    I didn't see a movie yesterday

    Last year, I traveled to Japan

    Last year, I didn't travel to Japan

    She washed her car

    She didn't wash her car


    USE 2 A Series of Completed Actions

    نستخدم زمن الماضي البسيط لسرد مجموعه من الاحداث انتهت في الماضي

    We use the Simple Past to list a series of completed actions
    .....in the past. These actions happen 1st, 2nd, 3rd, 4th


    EXAMPLES



    I finished work, walked to the beach, and found a nice place to swim

    He arrived from the airport at 8:00, checked into the hotel at 9:00, and met the others at 10:00




    USE 3 Single Duration



    يمكن ان يستخدم الماضي البسيط لمده زمنيه بدأت و انتهت في الماضي. المده الزمنيه الطويله غالبا ما تكون مصحوبه ببعض التعبيرات مثل for two years او
    for five minutes او all day
    او all year

    The Simple Past can be used with a duration which starts and stops in the past. A duration is a long action often used with expressions like "for two years," "for five minutes," "all day" or "all year."



    :EXAMPLES




    I lived in Brazil for two years

    Shauna studied Japanese for five years

    They sat at the beach all day

    We talked on the phone for thirty minutes

    ؟How long did you wait for them
    We waited for one hour


    USE 4 Habit in the Past


    للتعبير عن عاده في الماضي


    يمكن ان يستخدم الماضي البسيط ايضا للتعبير عن عاده توقفت في الماضي.

    The Simple Past can also be used to describe a habit which stopped in the past.


    EXAMPLES

    I studied French when I was a child

    He played the violin

    She worked at the movie theater after school

    They never went to school, they always skipped


    ACTIVE / PASSIVE Simple Past



    :EXAMPLES



    Tom repaired the car. ACTIVE

    The car was repaired by Tom. PASSIVE


    Past Continuous

    يتكون زمن الماضي المستمر من WAS / WERE ثم الفعل مضافا اليه ing
    [WAS / WERE] + [VERB+ing]


    :EXAMPLES



    I was studying when she called

    I was carefully picking up the snake when it bit me

    NOTE: When you are using a verb tense with more than one part such as Past Continuous (was picking), adverbs often come between the first part and the second part (was carefully picking)
    الاستخدامات


    USE 1 Interrupted Action in the Past



    يستخدم الماضي المستمر ببيان فعل تمت مقاطعته في الماضي. و المقاطعه غالبا ما تكون ماضي بسيط
    Use the Past Continuous to indicate that a longer action in the past was interrupted. The interruption is usually an action in the Simple Past. Remember this can be a real interruption or just an interruption in time


    EXAMPLES



    I was watching TV when she called

    When the phone rang, she was writing a letter

    While we were having a picnic, it started to rain

    Sally was working when Joe had the car accident

    While John was sleeping last night, someone stole his car.




    USE 2 Specific Time as an Interruption

    تحديد وقت معين كمقاطعه لفعل حدث في الماضي

    In USE 1, described above, the Past Continuous is interrupted by an action in the Simple Past. However, you can also use a specific time as an interruption


    EXAMPLES




    Last night at 6 p.m., I was eating dinner.

    At midnight, we were still driving through the desert.


    IMPORTANT



    Last night at 6 p.m., I ate dinner.
    بدأت الاكل السادسه

    Last night at 6 p.m., I was eating dinner.
    عندما حانت الساعه السادسه كنت آكل بالفعل


    USE 3 Parallel Actions



    نستخدم الماضي المستمر عند وصف اكثر من فعل و هذه الافعال حدثت في نفس الوقت.
    When you use the Past Continuous with two actions in the same sentence, it expresses the idea that both actions were happening at the same time. The actions are parallel.


    :EXAMPLES



    I was studying while he was making dinner

    While Ellen was reading, Tim was watching television

    They were eating dinner, discussing their plans and having a good time


    USE 4 Atmosphere
    يستخدم المضارع المستمر لوصف المناخ العام لمجموعه من الاحداث فب الماضي
    In English we often use a series of Parallel Actions to describe atmosphere in the past


    :EXAMPLE



    When I walked into the office, several people were busily typing, some were talking on the phones, the boss was yelling directions, and customers were waiting to be helped. One customer was yelling at a secretary and waving his hands. Others were complaining to each other about the bad
    .service


    "USE 5 Repetition and Irritation with "Always


    يستخدم ايضا لوصف التكرار و الاثاره لاحداث غالبا ما كانت تحدث في الماضي


    :EXAMPLES



    She was always coming to class late

    He was constantly talking. He annoyed everyone

    I didn't like them because they were always complaining


    ACTIVE / PASSIVE Past Continuous
    :EXAMPLES




    The salesman was helping the customer when the thief came into the store. ACTIVE

    The customer was being helped by the salesman when the thief came into the store. PASSIVE

    Present Perfect

    يتككون زمن المضارع التام من HAS / HAVE ثم التصريف الثالث للفعل
    [HAS / HAVE] + [past participle]



    :EXAMPLES

    I have seen that movie many times

    I have never seen that movie


    الاستخدامات



    USE 1 Unspecified Time Before Now




    يعبر زمن المضارع التام لوصف فعل بدأ في الماضي في وقت غير محدد. و الوقت المحدد غير مهم و لا يمكن استخدام تعبيرات زمنيه مثل yesterday اوone year ago او when I was a chlid الخ.


    We use the Present Perfect to say that an action happened at an unspecified time before now. The exact time is not important. You CANNOT use the Present Perfect with time expressions such as "yesterday," "one year ago," "last week," "when I was a chlid," "when I lived in Japan," "at that moment," "that day" or "one day." We CAN use the Present Perfect with expressions like "ever," "never," "once," "many times," "several times," "before," "so far," "already" and "yet."




    :EXAMPLES



    I have seen that movie twenty times

    I think I have met him once before

    There have been many earthquakes in California

    ؟Has there ever been a war in the United States
    Yes, there has been a war in the United States

    People have traveled to the moon


    (USE 2 Duration From Past Until Now (Non-continuous Verbs




    للتعبير عن شيء ما بدأ في الماضي و استمر الي الان
    With Non-continuous Verbs and some non-continuous uses of Mixed Verbs, we use the Present Perfect to show that something started in the past and has continued up until now. "For five minutes," "for two weeks" and "since Tuesday" are all durations which can be used with the Present Perfect.


    :EXAMPLES



    I have had a cold for two weeks

    She has been in England for six months

    Mary has loved chocolate since she was a little girl


    ACTIVE / PASSIVE Present Perfect



    :EXAMPLES



    Many tourists have visited that castle. ACTIVE

    That castle has been visited by many tourists. PASSIVE


    Present Perfect Continuous



    يتكون زمن الضارع التام المستمر من
    [HAS / HAVE] + [BEEN] + [VERB+ing]


    :EXAMPLES



    I have been waiting
    here for two hours

    She has only been studying English for two years


    استخداماته



    USE 1 Duration from the Past Until Now


    يستخدم زمن المضارع التام المستمر للتعبير عن حدث بدأ في الماضي و استمر الي الان

    We use the Present Perfect Continuous to show that something started in the past and has continued up until now. "For five minutes", "for two weeks", and "since Tuesday" are all durations which can be used with the Present Perfect
    Continuous


    EXAMPLES

    They have been talking for the last hour

    She has been working at that company for three years

    James has been teaching at the University since June




    USE 2 Recently, Lately


    يستخدم زمن الضارع التام المستمر بدونفتره زمنيه الاعطاء معني اشمل و اعم.
    و نستخدم عامه في هذه الحاله تعبيرات مثل lately( مؤخرا)

    You can use the Present Perfect Continuous WITHOUT a duration such as "for five minutes", "for two weeks", and "since Tuesday". Without the durations, the this tense gives a more general meaning of "lately". We often use the words "lately" or "recently" in the sentence to strengthen this meaning


    :EXAMPLES




    Recently, I have been feeling really tired

    She has been watching too much television lately

    Mary has been feeling a little depressed

    ACTIVE / PASSIVE Present Perfect Continuous

    :EXAMPLES

    Recently, John has been doing the work. ACTIVE

    Recently, the work has been being done by John. PASSIVE


    ملحوظه: زمن المضارع التام المستمر نادرا ما ياتي بصيغه الغير مباشر

    NOTE: Present Perfect Continuous is rarely used in its passive form.


    Past Perfect


    يتكون زمن الماضي التام من [HAD] + [PAST PARTICIPLE]
    ................................. التصريف الثالث للفعل


    :Examples




    I had studied a little English when I came to the U.S

    They had never met an American until they met John



    استخداماته



    USE 1 Completed Action Before Something in Past



    يستخدم زمن الماضي التام للتعبير عن حدث انتهي في الماضي قبل حدث آخر. ممكن ان يعبر ايضا عن شيء حدث قبل وقت محدد في الماضي
    The Past Perfect expresses the idea that something occurred before another action in the past. It can also show that something happened before a specific time in the past.


    EXAMPLES



    I had never seen such a beautiful beach before I went to Kauai

    ؟Had you ever visited the U.S. before your trip in 1992

    Yes, I had been to the U.S. once before in 1988




    (USE 2 Duration Before Something in the Past (Non-continuous Verbs




    يستخدم للتعبير عن شيء بدأ في الماضي و استمر الي ان حدث شيء آخر
    With Non-progressive Verbs and some non-progressive uses of Mixed Verbs, we use the Past Perfect to show that something started in the past and continued up until another action in the past




    EXAMPLES



    We had had that car for ten years before it broke down

    By the time Alex finished his studies, he had been in London for over eight years



    IMPORTANT Specific Times with the Past Perfect
    عند استخدام فتره زمنيه محدده مع الماضي التام


    عكس المضارع التام تماما ، فإنه يمكن استخدام كلمات محددة او عبارات مع الماضي التام. وإن كان ذلك ممكنا ، فإنه عادة ما لا يكون ضروريا
    Unlike the Present Perfect, it is possible to use specific time words or phrases with the Past Perfect. Although this is possible, it is usually not necessary

    She had visited her Japanese relatives once in 1993 before she moved in with them in 1996



    ACTIVE / PASSIVE FORMS Past Perfect



    George had repaired many cars before he received his mechanics license. ACTIVE

    Many cars had been repaired by George before he received his mechanics license. PASSIVE


    Past Perfect Continuous


    يتكون زمن الماضي التام المستمر من [HAD BEEN] + [VERB+ing]


    EXAMPLES




    I had been waiting there for two hours before she finally arrived

    She had only been studying English for two years before she
    got the job



    استخداماته



    USE 1 Duration Before Something in the Past


    يستخدم زمن الماضي التام المستمر لوصف فتره زمنيه بدأت في الماضي واستمرت حتى وقت آخر في الماضي.



    We use the Past Perfect Continuous to show that something started in the past and continued up until another time in the past. "For five minutes" and "for two weeks" are both durations which can be used with the Past Perfect Continuous. Notice that this is related to the Present Perfect Continuous; however, the duration does not continue until now


    EXAMPLES




    They had been talking for over an hour before Tony arrived

    She had been working at that company for three years when it went out of business

    James had been teaching at the University for more than a year before he left for Asia



    USE 2 Cause of Something in the Past



    استعمال الماضي التام المستمر قبل عمل آخرفي الماضي هو طريقة جيدة لاظهار السبب والنتيجة
    Using the Past Perfect Continuous before another action in the past is a good way to show cause and effect



    EXAMPLES



    Jason was tired because he had been jogging

    Sam gained weight because he had been overeating

    ملحوظه مهمه
    اذا لم تشتمل الجمله علي فتره زمنيه "for five minutes," او"for two weeks" او"since Friday" الكثير من متحدثي الانجليزيه يستخدمون الماضي المستمر لكن هناك اختلاف في المعني يظهر عند مقارنه الامثله التاليه



    IMPORTANT

    If you do not include a duration such as "for five minutes," "for two weeks" or "since Friday", many English speakers choose to use the Past Continuous. There is also a difference in meaning. Compare the examples below


    I was reading when my roommate returned
    Emphasizes the interruption of "reading
    يؤكد توقف "القراءة".



    I had been reading for an hour when my roommate returned
    Emphasizes the amount of time "for an hour
    يؤكد مقدار الوقت "ساعة".


    ACTIVE / PASSIVE FORMS Past Perfect Continuous



    EXAMPLES




    Chef Jones had been preparing the restaurant's fantastic dinners for two years, before he moved to Paris. ACTIVE

    The restaurant's fantastic dinners had been being prepared by Chef Jones for two years before he moved to Paris. PASSIVE


    ملحوظه
    استخدام صيغه الغير مباشر غير شائعه مع زمن الماضي التام المستمر


    أدخل هنا والله لن تندم
    اللهم اهلك اليهود ومن عاونهم
    اللهم احمي مصر وسائر بلاد المسلمين

  2. #2
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    رد: الشرح الكامل لجميع ازمنه اللغه الانجليزيه Verb Tense Menu

    شكرا جزيلا على هذا المجهود الرائع وبارك الله فيك

  3. #3
    V.I.P Member الصورة الرمزية dyiaeldeen
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    رد: الشرح الكامل لجميع ازمنه اللغه الانجليزيه Verb Tense Menu

    الحمدلله والصلاة والسلام على رسول الله وعلى آله وصحبه أجمعين
    أشكرك أخى الكريم على هذا الشرح الوافى المٌسهب لأزمنة اللغة الإنجليزية
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